ARTICULATION/PHONOLOGICAL DISORDERS (Difficulty with the production of speech sounds. omissions, deletions or substitutions of sounds in speech which affect intelligibility).
RECEPTIVE/EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE DISORDERS (CHILDREN WITH DELAYS IN RECEPTIVE/EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE MAY HAVE DIFFICULTY UNDERSTANDING OR COMMUNICATING WITH OTHERS. THERAPY CONCENTRATES ON GOOD LANGUAGE SKILLS WHICH HELP WITH LEARNING, BEHAVIOR, SELF-ESTEEM, AND SOCIAL SKILLS).
- Autism Spectrum Disorders/Pragmatic Disorders (Autism is a developmental disability that causes problems with social skills and communication. Autism can be mild or severe. It is different for every person. Therapy concentrates on the use of communication and social skills in activities of daily living and the child’s environment).
- Apraxia (A motor planning disorder. There is a struggle planning and producing the precise sequence of oral movements that are necessary for intelligible speech. It is where the child knows what to say but by the time the message gets to the mouth, he/she doesn’t know how to move the articulators to be able to form the words).
- Dysarthria (Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder. The muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system may become weak, move slowly, or not move at all after a stroke or other brain injury. The type and severity of dysarthria depend on which area of the nervous system is affected).
- Auditory Processing (Symptoms include difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments, following directions, and distinguishing between similar sounds).
- Fluency Disorders/Stuttering (Stuttering affects the fluency of speech. It begins during childhood and, in some cases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called “disfluencies).